Learn more about the types, subtypes, stages, grades, and potential risk factors for kidney cancer.
Clear cell RCC is the most common form of kidney cancer and makes up between 66% and 75% of all cases. When it is localized or isolated, it can typically be treated with surgery. Clear cell RCC that has metastasized, or spread, is usually treated with A type of drug treatment that works throughout the body to treat cancer cells wherever they are located.systemic therapy
Because clear cell RCC is the most common type of kidney cancer, there have been more studies done on this type. In the last 15 years, many drug treatments have received FDA approval for treating metastatic clear cell RCC. Clear cell RCC can be The passing of genetic information from parent to child through parental genes.hereditary or non-hereditary.
Papillary RCC is the second most common form of kidney cancer and makes up about 15% of all cases. Papillary RCC is a non-clear cell renal carcinoma which is different from the more common clear cell type. There are two main types of papillary RCC: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 tumors tend to be slower growing, and type 2 tumors tend to be faster growing and are more likely to spread. Papillary RCC can be The passing of genetic information from parent to child through parental genes.hereditary or non-hereditary.
Chromophobe RCC is a rare form of kidney cancer that makes up approximately 5% of all cases. It is a non-clear cell renal carcinoma that starts in the cells that line the tubes in the kidney that help filter waste from blood. Chromophobe RCC can be The passing of genetic information from parent to child through parental genes.hereditary or non-hereditary.
Benign kidney tumors are not cancerous and will not spread, but they can grow and cause problems. Many of the same treatments utilized for A cancerous tumor.malignant kidney tumors can be used for benign tumors. Some of the most common benign tumor types are:
The stage describes how much cancer is found in your body. For example, an early stage cancer is a tumor found only in the kidney while a later stage cancer has spread to other areas of the body. The grade of the tumor describes how abnormal the tumor’s cells appear under a microscope. It can indicate how quickly the tumor is likely to grow. Understanding the stage of your cancer and the potential treatment options can help you have more informed discussions with your healthcare team and increase your confidence that you are making the right decision about your health and treatment.
Some risk factors can increase a person’s chances of developing kidney cancer but people without any risk factors can still get kidney cancer. Some of the risk factors that may make you more likely to get kidney cancer include:
Genetic and hereditary risk factors can increase someone’s chance of developing kidney cancer. Some rare genetic conditions can also cause kidney cancer. Even though people with these conditions are at a much higher risk, hereditary kidney cancers make up only about 3 to 5% of all kidney cancer.